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  • Ethiopia Declares State of Emergency to Stop Protests

    ADDIS ABABA, Ethiopia — The Ethiopian government has declared a state of emergency effective immediately following a week of anti-government violence that resulted in deaths and property damage across the country, especially in the restive Oromia region.

    In a televised address on Sunday morning, Ethiopia's Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn said the state of emergency was declared because there has been an 'enormous' damage to property that was carried out in his country.

    "We put our citizens' safety first. Besides, we want to put an end to the damage that is being carried out against infrastructure projects, education institutions, health centers, administration and justice buildings," said Desalegn on the state Ethiopian Broadcasting Corporation.

    "The recent developments in Ethiopia have put the integrity of the nation at risk," he said.

    "The state of emergency will not breach basic human rights enshrined under the Ethiopian constitution and won't also affect diplomatic rights listed under the Vienna Convention," said Desalegn.

    The internet is blocked across many parts of Ethiopia, residents reported Sunday. The government has blocked the internet for more than a week to prevent protesters from using social media to get supporters to attend demonstrations.

    Major towns and cities across Ethiopia's Oromia region are experiencing unrest and widespread violent protests after dozens were killed on October 2 in a stampede triggered when police fired teargas and bullets to disperse protestors at the annual Irrecha thanksgiving celebration in Bishoftu town.

    Anti-government protests continued Sunday. Many roads into and out of the capital, Addis Ababa, are blocked by protesters and those who try to drive through are targeted by people who jump out from behind bushes and hurl rocks, witnesses told the Associated Press by phone on Sunday.

    The state broadcaster said details of the state of emergency will be communicated to the public later Sunday.

    In a separate development, Ethiopian officials summoned Egypt's ambassador to the country, Aboubakr Hefny, for discussions. The State Minister for Ethiopia's Foreign Affairs Ministry talked to the Egyptian diplomat after a video appeared online which purportedly shows members of the outlawed Oromo Liberation Front sharing a stage with what Ethiopia's state broadcaster described as Egyptians.

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    የሪፓርተር ዘገባ

    በአማራና በኦሮሚያ ክልሎች በተቀሰቀሱ ተቃውሞዎች ሳቢያ በሙሉና በከፊል ውድመት የደረሰባቸውን ኢንቨስትመንቶችና ተያያዥ ንብረቶች የሚያጠና ቡድን፣ በጥቂት ቀናት ውስጥ ወደ ክልሎቹ እንደሚያሰማራ የኢትዮጵያ ኢንቨስትመንት ኮሚሽን አስታወቀ፡፡

    የገንዘብና ኢኮኖሚ ትብብር ሚኒስቴር በበኩሉ በሁለቱ ክልሎች ተከስቶ የነበረው አለመረጋጋት በአገሪቱ የውጭ ኢንቨስትመንት ላይ ያደረሰውን የጉዳት መጠን ለመለየትና ለማጥናት፣ የፌዴራልና የክልሎቹ መንግሥታት በጋራ እየገመገሙ መሆኑን አስታውቋል፡፡

    የኢትዮጵያ ኢንቨስትመንት ኮሚሽን ኮርፖሬት ኮሙዩኒኬሽን ኃላፊ አቶ ጌታሁን ነጋሽ ለሪፖርተር በሰጡት ማብራሪያ፣ ‹‹በኦሮሚያ በመጀመሪያው ዙር ጉዳት የደረሰባቸው ባለሀብቶች እንዲጠናላቸው በጠየቁት መሠረት አጥንተን ጨርሰን፣ ለደረሰባቸው ጉዳት ማካካሻ ለመክፈል ለጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩ አቅርበን ውሳኔ እየተጠበቀ ነው፤›› ብለዋል፡፡ የጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩ ውሳኔ እንደደረሰ ለባለሀብቶች መከፈል ይጀምራል ሲሉም አክለዋል፡፡

    በሁለቱ ክልሎች በተነሱት ተቃውሞዎች በአገር ውስጥና በውጭ ኢንቨስትመንቶች ላይ የደረሱ የውድመት ጉዳቶች፣ እንዲሁም በአጠቃላይ በኢንቨስትመንት እንቅስቃሴ ላይ የደረሰውን አደጋ በሚመለከት ጥቅል የሆነ ድምዳሜ ላይ ባለመደረሱ በቀጣይ ይታያል ተብሏል፡፡

    በመጀመሪያ ዙር በኦሮሚያ ክልል የደረሱ ጉዳቶችን አስመልክቶ በተደረገው ጥናት መሠረት ለሰባት ባለሀብቶች ካሳ እንደሚከፈል የገለጹት አቶ ጌታሁን፣ በኦሮሚያ ክልል በድጋሚ በደረሱ ጉዳቶች የሁለተኛ ዙር ጥናት ይካሄዳል ብለዋል፡፡ እንዲሁም በቅርቡ በአማራ ክልል በተመሳሳይ የደረሱ ጉዳቶችን ለማጥናት የሚያጣራ ቡድን ይላካል፡፡ ጉዳት በደረሰባቸው አካባቢዎች በመገኘት መረጃዎችን አጠናቅሮ ለመመለስ ዝግጅት እየተደረገ ነው ሲሉ አስረድተዋል፡፡

    ኮሚሽኑ በራሱ ከሚያካሂዳቸው ቀጥተኛ የግምገማና የጥናት ሥራዎች በተጨማሪ ክልሎቹ በራሳቸው ገምግመው የደረሱበት የምርመራ ግኝት አለ፡፡ እንዲሁም ከባለሀብቶቹ መካከል በራሳቸው የደረሰባቸውን ውድመት አጠናቅረው ያቀረቡ እንዳሉም ኃላፊው ጨምረው አስረድተዋል፡፡ በተለይ ባለሀብቶቹ ያቀረቧቸውን ማስረጃዎች የኢትዮጵያ ልማት ባንክ አይቶና ገምግሞ ለኮሚሽኑ እንዲያቀርብ ውሳኔ ላይ መደረሱንም ገልጸዋል፡፡ በተጨማሪም ባለሀብቶቹ ባቀረቡት መረጃና ቅሬታ መሠረት፣ የኮሚሽኑ ባለሙያዎች እስከ ረቡዕ መስከረም 18 ቀን 2009 ዓ.ም. ድረስ አጥንተው መመለሳቸውንም አብራርተዋል፡፡

    READ  5 things to know before going to Ethiopia

    ‹‹የዚህን የጥናት ድምዳሜ ኮሚሽኑ በራሱ ከመረመረና በልማት ባንክ በኩል በድጋሚ ታይቶ አስተያየት ከተሰጠበት በኋላ የሚገኘው ውጤት፣ ለጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩ ቀርቦ ሲፀድቅ የካሳ ክፍያውን እንከፍላለን ብለን እናስባለን፤›› ሲሉም አቶ ጌታሁን አስረድተዋል፡፡

    እስካሁን የጉዳቱ መጠን ተጠንቶ ያለቀው የኦሮሚያ ክልል የሰባቱ ባለሀብቶች ብቻ ነው፡፡ የጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩን የመጨረሻ ውሳኔ ከሚጠብቀው በተጨማሪ፣ በአገር አቀፍ ደረጃ የኦሮሚያ ተቃውሞ ከጀመረበት አንስቶ የአማራ ክልል ተቃውሞ እስከተከሰተበት ባለው ጊዜ ውስጥ አጠቃላይ የውድመትና የጉዳት መጠኑን መገመት እንደሚያስቸግር ጠቁመዋል፡፡

    በኢንቨስትመንት ላይ እስካሁን የደረሰው ውድመትና በፍሰቱ ላይ ያመጣው ተፅዕኖ ምን እንደሚመስል በቅርቡ ይፋ እንደሚደረግ ገልጸዋል፡፡ ነገር ግን በመጀመሪያው ዙር በኦሮሚያ ክልል ጉዳት እንደደረሰባቸው ተረጋግጦላቸዋል የተባሉት የሰባቱን ባለሀብቶች ዝርዝር ሁኔታና እነማን እንደሆኑ እንዲገልጹ ሪፖርተር ጥያቄ ቢያቀርብም፣ ‹‹ለጊዜው ቢያንስ የጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩ ውሳኔ እስኪታወቅ ድረስ ለመግለጽ ያስቸግራል፤›› በማለት አቶ ጌታሁን ምላሽ ሰጥተዋል፡፡

    ለባለሀብቶች ይሰጣል ስለተባለው የካሳ ዓይነትና መጠን ሲያስረዱም፣ ‹‹ለጠቅላይ ሚኒስትሩ የቀረበው ጥናት የካሳው መጠንና ዝርዝር የጉዳት ዓይነት ተካቶበታል፡፡ ነገር ግን የግድ በቀረበው ልክ ይፀድቃል ማለት ላይሆን ይችላል፡፡ መጠነኛ ለውጦች ሊኖሩ እንደሚችሉ ይጠበቃል፡፡ ጠቅለል ብሎ ሲታይ ባለሀብቶች ባቀረቡት ዝርዝር መሠረት ሙሉ ለሙሉ ካሳ ላይከፈላቸው ይችል ይሆናል፡፡ የካሳ ክፍያው የደረሰባቸውን ጉዳት ሊጠግን የሚችልና መልሰው መቆም የሚያስችላቸው ጉልበት ይሰጣቸዋል ተብሎ ይታመንበታል፤›› ብለዋል፡፡

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  • Nine arrested after Greek refugee camp burns

    Nine people have been arrested after a large fire destroyed parts of the Moria refugee camp on the Greek island of Lesbos.

    Up to 4,000 migrants were evacuated from the camp, as the blaze destroyed tents and prefabricated homes.

    No fatalities were reported, but large areas of the camp, which was already crowded, were left unusable.

    The Greek government said it would send a ship to hold at least 1,000 people as a temporary overflow area.

    Early reports suggested a riot broke out as rumours of imminent mass deportations to Turkey spread. Other witnesses said it was the result of an argument over food.

    The nine people arrested under suspicion of starting the blaze included people from Afghanistan, Iraq, Senegal, Syria and Cameroon, the AFP news agency reported, citing a police source.

    Additional riot police have been dispatched to the island.

    Media captionAmateur footage shows flames engulfing the camp

    The fire destroyed at least 30% of the camp, according to Aris Vlashopoulos, an aid worker with the Swiss charity SAO.

    "People are returning to the camp now as I can see. But the biggest number of the refugees are already on the streets, sleeping outside," he added.

    Crowded camp

    The destruction at Moria has put further pressure on the island, which is already far beyond its capacity.

    There are some 5,600 refugees currently in Lesbos, according to the UN, but the island only has capacity for 3,600.

    Greece's shipping minister, Thodoris Dritsas, announced immediate plans to lease a ship with capacity for 1,000 refugees to relieve pressure on the overcrowded island.

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    The camp at Moria also housed a number of unaccompanied minors. Those children had been safely evacuated to another facility as a temporary measure, and would be moved to Athens, state broadcaster ANA reported.

    Humanitarian worker Fotini Rantsiou said tensions in the camp had been high before the fire. During the morning a man waiting for news of his asylum application became frustrated with the process and shouted "freedom", provoking alarm among 2,000 people in the camp and a later hunger protest.

    Many on the island are afraid of being returned to Turkey or their home countries.

    "Riots are not unusual in Moria," she said.

    Fire in Moria campImage copyrightUGCImage captionThe fire was fanned by strong winds

    The situation on Lesbos is tense because many refugees land there and are held on the island until their asylum claim is fully processed.

    Those granted asylum are permitted to journey to the Greek mainland, while others are turned back.

    Overcrowding has also fuelled tensions among residents on Lesbos and on neighbouring Chios.

    Migrants walk into the burned out area at the Moria camp on the Greek island of Lesbos, September 20, 2016Image copyrightGETTY IMAGESImage captionLarge areas of the overcrowded camp have been destroyed

    There were scuffles last week during a protest against the Greek government on Chios, and Greek media reported that a rally was held on Lesbos on Monday evening. The mayor was verbally abused by ultra-nationalists who started shouting "throw them into the sea", according to Greek website Kathimerini.

    An estimated 13,500 migrants and refugees are staying on the Greek islands.

    In March, the EU agreed to work towards visa-free travel for Turkish citizens to Europe's Schengen zone in exchange for Ankara's assistance in curbing migrants crossing to the islands.

    Migrants flee from the camp of Moria on Lesvos island, Greece, 19 SeptemberImage copyrightEPAImage captionThe fire destroyed 30% of the camp, an aid worker said

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  • South Sudan rejected Ethiopian contribution for protection force.

    Ethiopia and other neighboring countries like Uganda and Kenya are not needed by the south Sudanese in the contribution of 4,000-strong protection force proposed to be deployed to the war-torn nation.

    According to the Global Times the president spokes person said “We have not rejected the protection force but rather that the troop contributing countries must be not within the borders," 

    Following renewed fighting in July between South Sudan's rival army it was the IGAD who proposed the deployment of the protection force, which is now requested by the south Sudan for the forces not to be from the neighboring countries.

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